Goals of the site in terms of:

Crop Identification and Crop Area Estimation
Crop Condition/Stress
Soil Moisture
Yield Prediction and Forecasting
Crop Residue, Tillage and Crop Cover Mapping
Soil Properties

Project Objectives

Estimation of Biophysical Variables

Operational Implementation Plan

Similar approach, the main experimental site will be planted in corn; the second sites continue rotation of corn, soybean, and wheat. We do not anticipate destructive sampling in other fields because there is no more funding to support this activity. However, we will deploy available longbar fAPAR, PASTiS-PAR, and PASTiS-57 sites in representative fields as resources allow.

Biophysical Variables
  • fAPAR (Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation)
  • LAI (Leaf Area Index)
  • fCover
  • fAPAR

Site Description

Landscape Topographyflat < 0.5% Gradient
Typical Field Size15-75 ha fields
Climatic ZoneTropics, warm
Major Crops and Calendars

Maize (Normal):
Calendar: May - September

Soya beans (Normal):
Calendar: May - September

Spring Wheat (Normal):
Calendar: May - September


Soil Type & Texture


  • Clay Loam
Soil Drainage ClassArray
Irrigation InfrastructureArray
Other Site Details

Agricultural methods used: Tillage, synthetic fertilizer, seeding, harvest when grains are dry enough

In Situ Observations


  • Crop Type(s):
  • Collection Protocol:

    Yield mapping and manual harvest

  • Frequency: Annually

Sensible, latent and CO², flux data and meteorological data

  • Crop Type(s):
  • Collection Protocol:

    Eddy Flux, Automated weather stations, Tunable diode lasers

  • Frequency: Half-hourly, daily means and standard deviations

Soil moisture and temperature sensors

  • Crop Type(s):
  • Collection Protocol:

    Several sites equipped with sensors and loggers

  • Frequency: Half-hourly averages


  • Crop Type(s):
  • Collection Protocol:

    DH photography, PASTIS-57 sensors

  • Frequency:


  • Crop Type(s):
  • Collection Protocol:

    Using 1-m long integrated PAR bars

  • Frequency:

Non-destructive Leaf chlorophyll

  • Crop Type(s):
  • Collection Protocol:

    SPAD, Dualex

  • Frequency:

Soil respiration

  • Crop Type(s):
  • Collection Protocol:

    Discrete & automated chambers

  • Frequency:

EO Data

Optical Data Requirements

  • Approximate Start Date of Acquisition: 21/04
  • Approximate End Date of Acquisition: 19/09
  • Spatial resolution: Medium resolution (20-60m)High resolution (5-20m)Very high resolution (below 5m)
  • temporal_frequency: Monthly
  • Level of Expertise: Intermediate
  • Latency of Data Delivery: More than 5 days
  • Challanges:
  • SAR Data Requirements

    Passive Microwave Data Requirements

    Thermal Data Requirements


    Documents and Files

    Links to paper

    Project Reports

    Study Team

    Team Leader

  • Name: Elisabeth Pattey
  • Affiliation: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
  • Affiliation Webpage:
  • Position: Research Scientist
  • Email:
  • Personal Webpage:
  • Phone number:
  • Postal Address:
  • Other Team Members