India-Bulandsahar_Hapur

Overview

The study site is situated in Siyana Tehsil of Bulandsahar district of Uttar Pradesh, and partly in Hapur District. The site has wide variety of cropping pattern. The district has more than 100% cropping intensity.  The site has been chosen basically for the study of spectral signatures to identify the crop types and to precisely estimate the acreage in all-weather condition. The major emphasis will be improving horticultural crop classification and horticultural production estimation. This would be done with the help of in-situ observations as well as data acquired from satellite / UAV remote sensing techniques. Maps would be generated to understand the crop water stress, changing situation of soil nutrition and pH, growth of plant biomass and leaf condition during weather extremes. The study will promote precision agriculture by boosting better management of required micro-nutrients via applying adequate fertilizers and will also promote the optimal use of water for irrigation.

Project Objectives

Estimating Crop Area

Operational Implementation Plan

  • Complete enumeration of the site (Covering all orchards and vegetable crops)
  • Technique development for Area assessment and production forecasting of the various horticulture crops

Field size measurement

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Measuring Phenological Events

Phenological Events
  • Vegetative Growth
  • Flowering
  • Fruit Development
  • Maturity
  • Phenology of Fruit Orchards
  • Age of Orchard

Estimation of Biophysical Variables

Operational Implementation Plan

Biophysical Variables
  • Vegetation Indices (NDVI, EVI, SAVI, etc.)
  • LAI (Leaf Area Index)
  • Plant height
  • Spectral Signature
  • UAV based signature

Forecasting Agricultural Variables

Operational Implementation Plan

Agricultural Variables (large scale)
  • Yield

Site Description

Landscape TopographyUpper Gangetic Plain Region
Typical Field Size0.86
Climatic ZoneTropics, warm
Major Crops and Calendars

Rice:
Calendar: June - October

Wheat:
Calendar: December - April

Mangoes:

Soil Type & Texture

Inorganic:

  • Sandy Loam
  • Loam
  • Clay Loam
Soil Drainage Class
    Irrigation Infrastructure
      Other Site Details

      Tropics, Hot Sub-humid Climate,  Annual precipitation (720mm approx.)

      In Situ Observations

      Ground Truth

      • Crop Type(s):
      • Collection Protocol:
        • For orchards: in situ data of approximately 25 locations for each crop in the area. Ground truth will include: year of establishment, crop variety, stem diameter, canopy size, number Bearing and non-bearing branches, historical yield, SPAD Chlorophyll, LAI, Spectral signatures, planting method and distancing, canopy cover, soil moisture and other soil condition)
        • For Vegetable crops: Coordinates, field photo graphs, field size, crop cover, date of sowing/transplanting, LAI, spectral signature, SPAD Chlorophyll, soil condition (Moisture and Temperature, irrigation, infestation of disease and pests, management practices
      • Frequency:

      EO Data

      Optical Data Requirements

    • Approximate Start Date of Acquisition: 01/06
    • Approximate End Date of Acquisition: 31/05
    • Spatial resolution: Low resolution (above 60m)Medium resolution (20-60m)High resolution (5-20m)Very high resolution (below 5m)
    • temporal_frequency: Biweekly
    • Level of Expertise: Advance
    • Latency of Data Delivery: More than 5 days
    • Challanges:
    • SAR Data Requirements

    • Approximate Start Date of Acquisition: 01/06
    • Approximate End Date of Acquisition: 30/09
    • Spatial resolution: Medium resolution (20-60m)
    • temporal_frequency: Biweekly
    • Frequency: C
    • Incidence Angle: Medium
    • Polarisation:
    • Level of Processing: Level 2
    • Orbit: Any
    • Level of Expertise: Advance
    • Latency of Data Delivery: 2-5 days
    • Challanges:
    • Passive Microwave Data Requirements

      Thermal Data Requirements

      Results

      Documents and Files

      Links to paper

      Results: Expected Outputs

      • Technique development for Crop area and production estimates of major crops
      • Crop area and yield assessment
      • Correlation of Hyperspectral signatures of crops with satellite data
      • Methodology development for other new crops
      • Horticultural crop signature library
      • Development of Yield models and yield forecasting of horticultural crops

      Project Reports

      Study Team

      Team Leader

    • Name: Shibendu S. Ray
    • Affiliation: Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre, DAC&FW
    • Affiliation Webpage: https://ncfc.gov.in/
    • Position: Director
    • Email: shibendu.ncfc@nic.in
    • Personal Webpage:
    • Phone number: +91-11-25843224
    • Postal Address: MNCFC, Pusa Campus, New Delhi – 110 012, India
    • Other Team Members

    • Name: N. R. Patel
    • Affiliation: Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (ISRO)
    • Affiliation Webpage: https://www.iirs.gov.in/
    • Position: Sci-SG
    • Email: nrpatel@iirs.gov.in
    • Personal Webpage:
    • Role: Co-Lead
    • Name: Preeti Tahlani
    • Affiliation: Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre, DAC&FW
    • Affiliation Webpage: https://ncfc.gov.in/
    • Position: Sci-SE
    • Email: preeti.tahlani@gov.in
    • Personal Webpage:
    • Role: Member
    • Name: Pradeep Kumar
    • Affiliation: Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre, DAC&FW
    • Affiliation Webpage: https://ncfc.gov.in/
    • Position: Assistant Director
    • Email: pradeep.kumar82@gov.in
    • Personal Webpage:
    • Role: Member
    • Name: Dipanwita Halder
    • Affiliation: Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (ISRO)
    • Affiliation Webpage: https://www.iirs.gov.in/
    • Position: Sci-SF
    • Email: dipanwita@iirs.gov.in
    • Personal Webpage:
    • Role: Member
    • Name: Justin George
    • Affiliation: Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (ISRO)
    • Affiliation Webpage: https://www.iirs.gov.in/
    • Position: Sci-SD
    • Email: justin@iirs.gov.in
    • Personal Webpage:
    • Role: Member
    • Name: Abhishek Danodia
    • Affiliation: Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (ISRO)
    • Affiliation Webpage: https://www.iirs.gov.in/
    • Position: Sci-SD
    • Email: abhidanodia@iirs.gov.in
    • Personal Webpage:
    • Role: Member