Russia – Stavropol Kray

Overview

Project Objectives

Mapping Agricultural Areas

Operational Implementation Plan

Mapping Agricultural Areas: Cropped LandResolution (minimum mapping unit): 5ha and 1haMapping Frequency: once within growing seasonPasture/RangelandResolution (minimum mapping unit): 5ha and 1haMapping Frequency: yearly

Scale

Land Cover
  • Spatial Resolution:
  • Temporal Resolution:

Estimating Crop Area

Operational Implementation Plan

Crop area estimations are planned to be done at least on region-level (kray level), on farm level at several cases

Field size measurement

ha

Estimating Crop Conditions

Operational Implementation Plan

Crop Conditions
  • Too wet to be seeded
  • Drought
  • Failure after germination
  • Biological Stress

Measuring Phenological Events

Operational Implementation Plan

Phenological Events
  • Seeding
  • Seedling
  • Vegetative Growth
  • Flowering
  • Fruit Development
  • Maturity
  • Harvest

Estimation of Biophysical Variables

Operational Implementation Plan

Biophysical Variables
  • Vegetation Indices (NDVI, EVI, SAVI, etc.)
  • fAPAR (Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation)
  • LAI (Leaf Area Index)
  • Biomass

Forecasting Agricultural Variables

Operational Implementation Plan

Agricultural Variables (large scale)

    Site Description

    Landscape Topography
    Typical Field Size30 - 130 ha
    Climatic ZoneTemperate, cold
    Crop Details

    Fallows (Normal):
    Typical Rotation: fallow/peas – winter wheat – winter rapeseed - winter wheat

    Peas (Normal):
    Typical Rotation: fallow/peas – winter wheat – winter rapeseed - winter wheat

    Winter Wheat (Normal):
    Typical Rotation: fallow/peas – winter wheat – winter rapeseed - winter wheat

    Winter rape (Normal):
    Typical Rotation: fallow/peas – winter wheat – winter rapeseed - winter wheat

    Spring Barley (Normal):
    Calendar: April - October

    Winter Barley (Normal):
    Calendar: September - July

    Soya beans (Normal):

    Sunflower (Normal):

    Soil Type & Texture

    Inorganic:

    • Loamy Sand
    • Sandy Loam
    • Sandy Clay Loam
    • Sandy Clay
    • Loam
    • Silt Loam
    • Clay Loam
    • Silty Clay Loam
    • Silt
    • Silty Clay
    • Clay
    Soil Drainage Class
    • Well drained
    • Moderately well drained
    • Imperfectly drained
    • Poorly drained
    Irrigation Infrastructure
    • No irrigation (precipitation)
    Other Site Specifications

    Fig. 1 Location of Stavropol kray, regional level

    Fig. 2 Sub-sites (experimental fields), local level
    Green Markers – sub-sites for collecting information on crop location and yield.
    Red Markers –  sub-sites for intensive measurement of biophysical parameters.

    Fig 3. Sub-sites of the Stavropol Research Institute for Agriculture.

    Other Site Specifications: High potential risk of wind (95%) and water (82%) erosion; joint manifestation of both types of erosion is 77% of kray territory. Large areas in Stavropol kray are affected by salinity of various degrees with chloride-sulphate, sulphate and sulphate-chloride type of salinity.

    Agricultural methods used: Crop types are spring/winter wheat, spring/winter barley, peas, soybean, sunflower, winter rapeseed, perennial grasses. Typical crop rotation is: fallow/peas – winter wheat – winter rapeseed – winter wheat. Farming methods are no-till and tillage-based.

    Large areas are affected by salinity of various degrees with chloride-sulphate, sulphate and sulphate-chloride type of salinity.

    In Situ Observations

    Crop type

    • Crop Type(s):
    • Collection Protocol:

      Field survey

    • Frequency: Once within vegetation season

    Temperature, Precipitation, Soil Moisture, humus, NPK

    • Crop Type(s):
    • Collection Protocol:

      Meteo-station data

    • Frequency: daily

    LAI, fCover, fAPAR

    • Crop Type(s):
    • Collection Protocol:

      Fisheye pictures processed

    • Frequency: once a week

    EO Data

    Optical Data Requirements

    SAR Data Requirements

    Passive Microwave Data Requirements

    Thermal Data Requirements

    Results

    Documents and Files

    Links to paper

    Project Reports

    Study Team

    Team Leader

  • Name: Serguy Antonov
  • Affiliation: Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences' Stavropol Research Institute of Agriculture (SRIA)
  • Affiliation Webpage: http://www.agroacadem.ru/
  • Position:
  • Email: santosb@mail.ru
  • Personal Webpage:
  • Phone number:
  • Postal Address:
  • Other Team Members

  • Name: Dr. Nina Ladonina
  • Affiliation: Space Research Institute
  • Affiliation Webpage:
  • Position:
  • Email: nnl@d902.iki.rssi.ru
  • Personal Webpage:
  • Role: Co-Lead